Water Quality Guide for Your Business. Water is one of the essential commodities that exist in every society. It’s also a critical factor in the survival of living organisms. Since water is a crucial commodity, it falls under fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG). This means that it sells fast and at a low price. In recent years, people have become more conscious of what they drink and eat.
Due to the increased risk of contracting water-borne diseases, many people have turned towards bottled water because of its safety. However, before water is sold for consumption, it must undergo a few steps that any water bottling company should meet. By following these steps, your business will mitigate the risks associated with contaminated water, which is harmful for human consumption.
1. Prefiltration and Screening
The central units of a treatment plan should be well protected. This aids in the efficiency of their operation. The use of screens and an undersink water filter helps remove any small or large suspended material present in the inflow. Some of these materials include small twigs or debris, which could restrict flow and damage equipment. Treatment and aeration of surface and groundwater usually happen in the reservoir. Additionally, PH-adjustment and softening of water occur during this process.
Aeration of water is a requisite procedure for any water bottling business, which comes next after screening. This is where water is supplied with air by running it through a sequence of steps to absorb oxygen from the air. Aeration helps remove any soluble gases like hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide; These gases are acidic and corrosive. Additionally, gaseous organic compounds are also removed, which might give water an off-taste. During aeration, oxidation of manganese and iron to their insoluble form also happens. These elements can cause a stain in clothing and have an unusual taste. When consumed, some of these elements might lead to health problems in your body.
3. Flocculation and Coagulation
The process of coagulation is paramount since it helps in the removal of fine particles. In some instances, these particles are mostly suspended in water. During this process, a coagulant (positive electrical charge) is injected into the water. This chemical helps to neutralize the particles which have a negative electrical charge. This process happens in a rapid mix tank where this chemical is disseminated using a high-speed impeller. After neutralization of the charges, the particles combine to form fluffy and soft particles called micro flocs. Ferric chloride and aluminum sulfate are standard coagulants used in the treatment of water. The next stage is flocculation. This is where the flocs/micro flocs are mixed in a flocculation basin. This mixing process helps the flocs to bond together where they form visible suspended particles.
4. Sedimentation Process
The micro flocs/flocs need to be settled out after their formation. This process is known as sedimentation. It’s essentially when the particles settle at the bottom of a settling tank. If the water sits undisturbed for an extended period, more solids will fall to the container floor. This accumulation of material at the base of the container forms sludge, which is expelled from the basin for disposal. The sedimentation process happens with ease because of coagulation. This is because it makes the fine particles bigger and heavier, which increases their sinking rate. If your business plans to provide water to a large area, the sedimentation process should repeatedly occur in large containers.
5. Water Filtration
Filtration is where solids are separated from a liquid. During filtration, most of the micro floc particles will have settled on the water supply floor. When this happens, the treatment of clear water is ready to begin. Filtration helps to remove some of the dissolved and small particles which were not removed during sedimentation. Some of these particles include viruses or parasites, which are bad for human consumption. In the filtration process, water passes through various particles. Some of these materials include charcoal or gravel, and they vary in composition and size. Sand filtration has been used successfully in the removal of bacteria for many years.
This is the last water treatment stage, which involves adding a disinfectant like a chloramine to the water supply. In many water treatment areas, chlorine is the standard disinfectant mainly used. It has been used for over two centuries. The primary benefit of this final step is to eliminate and oxidation of organic matter. This helps to combat the spread of viruses and bacteria which might remain in the drinking water. Additionally, disinfection hinders germs that might come into contact with water during distribution.
This Water Quality Guide simplifies the steps required for quality water before it’s sold for human consumption. Additionally, the final packaging plays a significant role. The bottling process and sealing of water bottles should be carefully done since it determines your water’s shelf-life. Additionally, you will need a few licenses to ascertain that your product meets appropriate health standards.
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